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SMOKING AND FERTILITY


Monday December 16th, 2019

There are many reasons to quit smoking, but if you are trying to conceive quitting smoking might be the best thing you can do.

It has been shown that smokers take longer to get pregnant than non-smokers, so quitting highly increases your chances of conception. This applies to both men and woman, as both eggs and sperm are negatively affected by the chemicals in cigarettes.

Effects
Smoking and second-hand smoke has long reaching effects on the human reproductive system. It infiltrates into a woman’s eggs and a man’s sperm, affecting the genetic material inside. 

Both male and female hormone production is affected by smoking, and these hormones are a vital element in increasing the chances of conceiving. They can damage the egg and sperm, reducing the fertilised egg’s ability to reach the uterus.

Once a baby is conceived, it’s growth can be severally impacted by smoking and second-hand smoke which can damage the environment inside the uterus, hindering development.

Because of the negative impacts that can affect every stage of conception, it is important to quit smoking at least three months before trying for a baby. This will help ensure that the both the sperm and the egg are healthy and in proper working order.

Men who smoke
Problems that can plague male smokers include difficulty getting erections, reducing chances of having active sperm. Because sperm takes around three months to mature it is important to quit at least three months before trying for a baby, as smoking damages the DNA sperm which would then be transferred to the baby. 

Heavy smoking, which counts as more than 20 cigarettes a day, can also increase the chances of the baby getting childhood leukemia. Quitting smoking is one the best ways to increase fertility in men.

Women who smoke
Statistics show that women who are exposed to cigarette smoke during pregnancy can result in damage to the development to the ovaries of a baby girl. This includes being exposed to second-hand smoke, as passive smoking is almost as damaging as smoking. Women who smoke during a pregnancy are more likely to have issues during pregnancy, such as their baby being born prematurely, or born with defects. They are also more likely to have a miscarriage than a non-smoker.

Smoking or passive smoking also increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy, where the baby often does not survive and can threaten the health of the mother. This is where the baby starts to grow outside the uterus, often in the fallopian tube.  

Quitting smoking
If both parents quit smoking, they hugely increasing their chances of conception, as well as giving their unborn baby massive health benefits.  It can be difficult but there are many ways to help your chances, such as quitting medication, nicotine replacement therapy, or natural medicine to help stop smoking if you prefer a more natural and herbal method.

Talk to your doctor for tips today or look at natural remedies for stopping smoking; for your health and the health of your unborn child.

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